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Disaster Upon Disaster: Exploring the Gap Between Knowledge, Policy and Practice

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Series
Volume 2

Catastrophes in Context

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Disaster Upon Disaster

Exploring the Gap Between Knowledge, Policy and Practice

Edited by Susanna M. Hoffman and Roberto E. Barrios

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354 pages, 5 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78920-345-5 25% OFF! $150.00/£107.00 $112.50/£80.25 Hb Not Yet Published (October 2019)

ISBN  978-1-78920-648-7 25% OFF! $34.95/£24.00 $26.21/£18.00 Pb Not Yet Published (October 2019)

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Reviews

“The contributors, individually and collectively, do not merely point to or describe the gaps between knowledge, policy, and practice—they build sturdy bridges across them… I highly recommend this book”. • A.J. Faas, San Jose State University

“An important contribution to the applied anthropological research on disasters for it brings together experiences and reflections of various key players in the field—anthropologists, practitioners (e.g. local and international NGO leaders, officials of various functions, and free-lance consultants), and other constituents.” • Qiaoyun Zhang, Shanghai University

Description

A consistent problem that confronts disaster reduction is the disjunction between academic and expert knowledge and policies and practices of agencies mandated to deal with the concern. Although a great deal of knowledge has been acquired regarding many aspects of the gap, such as driving factors, risk construction, complexity of resettlement, and importance of peoples’ culture, very little has gotten into protocol and procedure. Disaster Upon Disaster illuminates the numerous disjunctions between the suppositions, realities, agendas, and executions in the field, goes on to detail contingencies, predicaments, old and new plights, and finally advances solutions and the matter of outcomes.

Susanna M. Hoffman is author, co-author, and editor of twelve books, including The Angry Earth 1 & 2 and Catastrophe and Culture, two ethnographic films, and over forty articles. She initiated the Risk and Disaster Thematic Interest Group at the Society for Applied Anthropology, is the founder and chair of the Risk and Disaster Commission for the International Union of Anthropology and Ethnographic Sciences, and was the first recipient of the Aegean Initiative Fulbright concerning the Greek and Turkish earthquakes.

Roberto E. Barrios is Professor of Anthropology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. During the last twenty years, he has conducted ethnographies of disaster recovery in Honduras, Mexico, New Orleans, Houston, and Southern Illinois. His work focuses on the inherent assumptions about the nature of communities and people embedded in disaster recovery policy, and how disaster survivors interpret, reconfigure, and sometimes resist these assumptions. He is author of Governing Affect: Neoliberalism and Disaster Reconstruction and has published various articles in the journals Disasters, Annual Review of Anthropology, Identities, and Human Organization.

Subject: Environmental Studies General Anthropology



Contents

List of Illustrations                                        
Acknowledgments

Introduction: Defining Disaster Upon Disaster: Why Risk Prevention and Disaster Response So Often Fail
Susanna M. Hoffman

PART I: ILLUMINATING THE FISSURES: SUPPOSITIONS, REALITIES, AGENDAS, AND EXECUTION

Chapter 1. Unwieldy Disasters: Engaging the Multiple Gaps and Connections That Make Catastrophes
Roberto E. Barrios

Chapter 2. Advocacy and Accomplishment: Contrasting Challenges to Successful Disaster Risk Management
Terry Jeggle

Chapter 3. Natural Hazard Events into Disasters: The Gap between Knowledge, Policy, and Practice as it Affects the Built Environment
Stephen Bender

Chapter 4. Humanitarian Response:  Ideals Meet Reality
Adam Koons

Chapter 5. Disaster Theory Versus Practice? It’s a Long Rocky Road - A Practitioner’s View from the Ground
Jane Murphy Thomas

PART II: SITUATIONS AND EXPOSITIONS: PLIGHTS, PROBLEMS AND QUANDRIES

Chapter 6. Slow On-Set Disaster: Climate Change and the Gaps Between Knowledge, Policy, and Practice
Shirley J. Fiske and Elizabeth Marino

Chapter 7. Disrupting Gendered Outcomes: Addressing Disaster Vulnerability Through Stakeholder Participation
Brenda D. Phillips

Chapter 8. Resettlement for Disaster Risk Reduction: Global Knowledge, Local Application
Anthony Oliver-Smith

Chapter 9. From Nuclear Things to Things Nuclear: Minding the Gap at the Knowledge-Policy-Practice Nexus in Post-Fallout Fukushima
Ryo Morimoto

Chapter 10.  “Haitians Need to be Patient” - Notes on Policy Advocacy in Washington Following Haiti’s Earthquake
Mark Schuller

PART III: REVAMPING APPARATUS AND OUTCOME

Chapter 11. The Scope and Importance of Anthropology and its Core Concept of Culture in Closing the Risk and Disaster Knowledge to Policy and Practice Gap    
Susanna M. Hoffman

Chapter 12. Engaged: Applying the Anthropology of Disaster to Practitioner Settings and Policy Creation
Katherine E. Browne, Elizabeth Marino, Heather Lazrus, and Keely Maxwell

Chapter 13. Future Matter Matters: Disasters as a (Potential) Vehicle for Social Change. It’s About Time
Ann Bergman

Index

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