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Lands of the Future
Anthropological Perspectives on Pastoralism, Land Deals and Tropes of Modernity in Eastern Africa
Edited by Echi Christina Gabbert, Fana Gebresenbet, John G. Galaty and Günther Schlee
396 pages, 8 illus., bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78920-990-7 $145.00/£107.00 Hb Not Yet Published (January 2021)
eISBN 978-1-78920-991-4 eBook Not Yet Published
“Explains clearly how changes in pastoral and agro-pastoral land use/lease in East Africa lead to environmental degradation and depletion of resources… a very important book.” • Taddesse Berisso, Addis Ababa University
“The overall volume is highly coherent, well integrated, ethnographically convincing as well as written with technical clarity and sober positioning …no comparable material exists in scope and focus.” • Felix Girke, University of Konstanz
Rangeland, forests and riverine landscapes of pastoral communities in Eastern Africa are increasingly under threat. Abetted by states who think that outsiders can better use the lands than the people who have lived there for centuries, outside commercial interests have displaced indigenous dwellers from pastoral territories. This volume presents case studies from Eastern Africa, based on long-term field research, that vividly illustrate the struggles and strategies of those who face dispossession and also discredit ideological false modernist tropes like ‘backwardness’ and ‘primitiveness’.
Echi Christina Gabbert is an anthropologist at the Institute for Social and Cultural Anthropology, Göttingen University, Germany. She coordinates the Lands of the Future Initiative, that focuses on pastoralism, global investment and local responses in East Africa in the 21rst century.
Fana Gebresenbet is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. He has done extensive fieldwork on land investment in pastoral regions of Ethiopia.
John G. Galaty is Professor of Anthropology at McGill University, Canada. Focused on eastern Africa, his areas of specialisms are pastoralism and social change and rangeland development.
Günther Schlee is Professor of Social Anthropology at Arba Minch University, Ethiopia, and Director emeritus at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany. His main publications include Identities on the Move: Clanship and Pastoralism in Northern Kenya (Manchester University Press, 1989) and How Enemies Are Made: Towards a Theory of Ethnic and Religious Conflict (Berghahn Books, 2008).
Subject: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies Environmental Studies (General)
List of Illustrations
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: Futuremaking with Pastoralists
Echi Christina Gabbert
Part I: Setting the Context: Modernity and Citizenship in Pastoral Areas
Chapter 1. Modern Mobility in East Africa: Pastoral Responses to Rangeland Fragmentation, Enclosure and Settlement
John G. Galaty
Chapter 2. Unequal Citizenship and One-Sided Communication: Anthropological Perspectives on Collective Identification in the Context of Large-Scale Land Transfers in Ethiopia
Chapter 3. Global Trade, Local Realities: Why African States Undervalue Pastoralism
Peter D. Little
Part II: Contested Identities and Territories: A History of Expropriation
Chapter 4. Modes of Dispossession of Indigenous Lands and Territories in Africa
Elifuraha I. Laltaika and Kelly M. Askew
Chapter 5. Land and the State in Ethiopia
Chapter 6. Persistent Expropriation of Pastoral Lands: The Afar Case
Maknun Ashami and Jean Lydall
Part III: Power, Politics and Reactions to State-Building
Chapter 7. Anatomy of a White Elephant: Investment Failure and Land Conflicts on Ethiopia’s Oromia–Somali Frontier
Chapter 8. From Cattle Herding to Charcoal Burning: Land Expropriation, State Consolidation and Livelihood Changes in Abaya Valley, Southern Ethiopia
Chapter 9. Villagization in Ethiopia’s Lowlands: Development vs. Facilitating Control and Dispossession
Part IV: Underdeveloping South Omo
Chapter 10. ‘Breaking Every Rule in the Book’: The Story of River Basin Development in Ethiopia’s Omo Valley
Chapter 11. State-Building in the Ethiopian South-Western Lowlands: Experiencing the Brunt of State Power in Mela
Chapter 12. Customary Land Use and Local Consent Practices in Mun (Mursi): A New Call for Meaningful FPIC Standards in Southern Ethiopia
Chapter 13. Ethiopia’s ‘Blue Oil’? Hydropower, Irrigation and Development in the Omo-Turkana Basin
Edward G.J. Stevenson and Benedikt Kamski
Conclusion: Pastoralists for Future
Echi Christina Gabbert, Fana Gebresenbet and Jonah Wedekind
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