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Genocide in the Ottoman Empire

Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks, 1913-1923

Edited by George N. Shirinian

444 pages, 8 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78533-432-0 $69.95/£49.00 Hb Published (February 2017)

eISBN 978-1-78533-433-7 eBook


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The final years of the Ottoman Empire were catastrophic ones for its non-Turkish, non-Muslim minorities. From 1913 to 1923, its rulers deported, killed, or otherwise persecuted staggering numbers of citizens in an attempt to preserve “Turkey for the Turks,” setting a modern precedent for how a regime can commit genocide in pursuit of political ends while largely escaping accountability. While this brutal history is most widely known in the case of the Armenian genocide, few appreciate the extent to which the Empire’s Assyrian and Greek subjects suffered and died under similar policies. This comprehensive volume is the first to broadly examine the genocides of the Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks in comparative fashion, analyzing the similarities and differences among them and giving crucial context to present-day calls for recognition.

George N. Shirinian is Executive Director of the International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies, a division of the Zoryan Institute. His publications include Studies in Comparative Genocide and The Asia Minor Catastrophe and the Ottoman Greek Genocide: Essays on Asia Minor, Pontos, and Eastern Thrace, 1913–1923.

Subject: Genocide Studies 20th Century History
Area: Southern Europe

LC: DR434 .G47 2016

BISAC: POL061000 POLITICAL SCIENCE/Genocide & War Crimes; HIS010010 HISTORY/Europe/Eastern; HIS055000 HISTORY/Middle East/Turkey & Ottoman Empire*

BIC: HBTZ Genocide & ethnic cleansing; HBLW 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000




Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface

Introduction
George N. Shirinian

PART I: CONTEXTS

Chapter 1. The Background to the Late Ottoman Genocides
George N. Shirinian

Chapter 2. Convulsions at the End of Empire: Thrace, Asia Minor, and the Aegean
Dikran Kaligian

Chapter 3. Assyrians in the Ottoman Empire and the Official Turkish Policy of Their Extermination, 1890s-1918
Anahit Khosroyeva

PART II: DOCUMENTATION AND EYEWITNESS ACCOUNTS

Chapter 4. Considering Genocide Testimony: Three Case Studies
Paul Bartrop

Chapter 5. The Assyrian Issue 1914-1935: Australian Documents and Press
Stavros Stavridis

Chapter 6. American Women, Massacres, and the Admiral: Deep in Anatolia during the Turkish Nationalist Revolution
Robert Shenk

Chapter 7. Found in Translation: Eyewitness Accounts of the Massacres in Nicomedia as Reported by Greek Journalist Kostas Faltaits
Eleni Phufas

Chapter 8. The Destruction of Smyrna in 1922: An Armenian and Greek Shared Tragedy
Tehmine Martoyan

PART III: LEGACIES AND INTERPRETATIONS

Chapter 9. Lemkin on Three Genocides: Comparing His Writings on the Armenian, Assyrian and Greek Genocides
Steven Leonard Jacobs

Chapter 10. The Ottoman Genocide of the Armenians and Greeks: The Similarities and Structural Peculiarities
Gevorg Vardanyan

Chapter 11. The Genocide of the Ottoman Greeks 1913-1923: Myths and Facts
Thea Halo

Chapter 12. Redeeming the Unredeemed: The Anglo-Hellenic League's Campaign for the Greeks in Asia Minor
Georgia Kouta

Chapter 13. Genocide by Deportation into Poverty: Western Diplomats on Ottoman Christian Killings and Expulsions, 1914-1924
Hannibal Travis

Chapter 14. The Socio-Psychological Dimension of the Armenian Genocide
Suren Manukyan

Bibliography
Index

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