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Volume 3

The Human Economy



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Gypsy Economy

Romani Livelihoods and Notions of Worth in the 21st Century

Edited by Micol Brazzabeni, Manuela Ivone Cunha, and Martin Fotta
Afterword by Keith Hart

272 pages, 3 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78238-879-1 $90.00/£64.00 Hb Published (November 2015)

eISBN 978-1-78238-886-9 eBook


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Reviews

“All in all, the edited volume is a valuable contribution to “Gypsy Studies” and beyond, especially because the editors and the majority of contributors maintain awareness of the semantic emptiness of the term “ethnic” in reference to the Roma.” · Journal of Gypsy Studies

“The publication of Gypsy Economy comes precisely at a time when both academics and the general public need cogent analyses of Roma… This edited volume, then, is a very welcome contribution to the crisis of anti-Gypsyism… [It] is a testament to the diversity and adaptability of Roma labor practices, many of which are traditionally in the nonwage sphere… Gypsy Economy is extremely valuable both to Roma ethnography and to economic anthropological theory.” · American Ethnologist

Gypsy Economy is undoubtedly a strong contribution to the anthropology of economy outside the formal sector. … Based on extensive fieldwork each of the 11 chapters of the volume affords the reader an incisive analysis embedded in rich ethnographic details… a model for scholars eager to undertake comparative projects aligned with anthropology’s aspiration to generalizations about the human condition. It will appeal to students of Romani Studies as well as to a broader readership interested in economic practices outside formal economies.” · Analize: Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies

“…there is an urgent need to promote this volume! Some of the findings – not least with regard to informal lending and ‘fixing-up money’ – should even find their echoes in policies that allow Roma to live their lives as they like. The volume definitely represents the kick-off of studies of whatever is meant by the ‘Gypsy economy,’ and no work that follows this topic – at least in the East European context – will be able to ignore this collection.” · Intersections, East European Journal of Society and Politics

“This collection effectively captures the heterogeneity, dynamism, and humanity of Roma, their livelihoods, and their relationships within and outside their natal communities. Ethnographic fieldwork illuminates socioeconomic and moral particularities of each group, and the volume inspires a comparative analysis of economic practices as active responses to global systems of social exclusion…The book is also a long overdue, invaluable contribution to Romani studies in general, and to economic anthropology in particular.” · Journal of Anthropological Research

“…an interesting and valuable contribution to the anthropology of economy outside the ‘white’ economic sector. This book sheds new light on the relation between the ideology of ‘reciprocal exchange’ and that of the market.”  ·  Ada Engebrigtsen, Norwegian Social Research, NOVA

“This is a fine ethnographic collection describing a huge diversity of cultural (and by this economic) Romani universes so easily represented by media and policy as one homogenous group – ‘the Roma’ . . . This book deserves a broad readership beyond academia.”  ·  Elisabeth Tauber, Free University of Bolzano

Description

Economic arrangements of Romanies are complexly related to their social position. The authors of this volume explore these complexities, including how economic exchanges forge key social relationships of gender and ethnicity, how economic opportunities are constructed and seized, and how economic success and failure are transformed into attributes of social persons. They explore how, despite — or perhaps because of — their unstable and ambiguous position within the market economy, shared today with a growing number of people facing precarity and informalisation, Roma and Gypsy communities continuously re-create more or less viable economic strategies. The ethnographically based chapters share accounts of socially and economically vulnerable populations that face their situation with self-determination and creativity.

Micol Brazzabeni is an Associate Senior Research Fellow at CRIA-IUL, Lisbon . She is the author of La Scuola di Carta (2008) and a co-editor of Etudes Tsiganes, Special Issue “Emotion and Place” (2012).

Manuela Ivone Cunha is a Professor at the University of Minho and a Senior Research Fellow at CRIA-UMinho. She has authored and edited several publications on the social and penal management of social vulnerability.

Martin Fotta is a Lecturer of Social Anthropology at the University of Kent. He is working on a book focusing on money-lending practices of Calon Gypsies of Bahia, Brazil.

Subject: General Anthropology General Cultural Studies



Contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgements

Introduction
Micol Brazzabeni, Manuela Ivone Cunha and Martin Fotta

Chapter 1. Usury among the Slovak Roma: Notes on Relations between Lenders and Borrowers in a Segregated Taboris
Tomáš Hrustič

Chapter 2. New Redistributors in Times of Insecurity: Different Types of Informal Lending in Hungary
Judit Durst

Chapter 3. A Way of Life Flowing in the Interstices: Cigano Horse Dealers in Alentejo, Portugal
Sara Sama Acedo

Chapter 4. ‘Endured Labour’ and ‘Fixing Up’ Money: The Economic Strategies of Roma Migrants in Slovakia and the UK
Jan Grill

Chapter 5. ‘I Go for Iron’: Xoraxané Romá Collecting Scrap Metal in Rome
Marco Solimene

Chapter 6. ‘I’m Good but also Mad’: The Street Economy in a Poor Neighbourhood of Bucharest
Gergő Pulay

Chapter 7. The Mechanisms of Independence: Economic Ethics and the Domestic Mode of Production among Gabori Roma in Transylvania
Martin Olivera

Chapter 8. Deceit and Efficacy: Fortune Telling among the Calon Gypsies in São Paulo, Brazil
Florencia Ferrari

Chapter 9. Houses under Construction: Conspicuous Consumption and the Values of Youth among Romanian Cortorari Gypsies
Cătălina Tesăr

Chapter 10. Exchange, Shame and Strength among Calon of Bahia: A Values-Based Analysis
Martin Fotta

Chapter 11. ‘Give and Don’t Keep Anything!’ Wealth, Hierarchy and Identity among the Gypsies of Two Small Towns in Andalusia, Spain
Nathalie Manrique

Afterword
Keith Hart

Notes on Contributors
Index

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