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THE NAZI GENOCIDE OF THE ROMA

Reassessment and Commemoration

Edited by Anton Weiss-Wendt

282 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-0-85745-842-1 $95.00/£60.00 Hb Published (June 2013)

eISBN 978-0-85745-843-8 eBook


Hb
 

“This instructive book is both for newcomers in the field of Romani 20 Century history, as well as for scholars already familiar with comparative studies of the plight of Roma in the past five centuries. Moreover, the reviewed anthology may be regarded as a very competent call for further research and discussion.”  ·  Dialogues on Historical Justice and Memory

“This volume is a substantial contribution to Roma and Sinti Genocide scholarship. Each of the essays in this collection adds both substantively and substantially to our expanding understanding of the murder of European Roma and Sinti during WWII. All of the pieces are thoughtful and learned, and encourage both deeper reflection and a reexamination of present understandings of a wide variety of elemental historical aspects related to the racial and political anti-Gypsy policies of the Third Reich. Each in its own way—by focusing on specific religious and national Roma  groups, and a variety of important, yet often neglected, geographical locations—helps us to piece together more fully and adequately the overall narrative of what happened with the Roma across Nazi-occupied Europe. The range of geographical locations and comparative histories taken up and analyzed by the contributors, all of whom possess a deep knowledge of the local history of the state or region being reviewed, is wider than ever before.”  ·  Historical Dialogues

Nearly seventy years after the end of the Second World War and the liberation of Auschwitz and Belsen, new facts concerning the Nazi genocide of the Roma and Sinti are still emerging. This volume is particularly valuable in revealing the full horror of the German occupation of the Soviet Union and the activities of the Einsatzgruppen.”  ·  Donald Kenrick, author of Gypsies under the Swastika

… [This volume] provides an excellent overview and analysis of many key and previously understudied aspects of this complex and difficult topic. It combines several innovative regional studies with essays on the issues of German postwar legal responses and developments with regard to commemoration. By assembling high quality chapters from many of the leading scholars in the field, Anton Weiss-Wendt has made a major contribution to our understanding of the diverse fates of the Roma in the Holocaust.”  ·  Martin Dean, author of Collaboration in the Holocaust

Using the framework of genocide, this volume analyzes the patterns of persecution of the Roma in Nazi-dominated Europe. Detailed case studies of France, Austria, Romania, Croatia, Ukraine, and Russia generate a critical mass of evidence that indicates criminal intent on the part of the Nazi regime to destroy the Roma as a distinct group. Other chapters examine the failure of the West German State to deliver justice, the Romani collective memory of the genocide, and the current political and historical debates. As this revealing volume shows, however inconsistent or geographically limited, over time, the mass murder acquired a systematic character and came to include ever larger segments of the Romani population regardless of the social status of individual members of the community.

Anton Weiss-Wendt heads the research department at the Center for the Study of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities in Oslo, Norway. He is the author of Murder Without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust (2009) and Small-Town Russia: Childhood Memories of the Final Soviet Decade (2010), and the editor of Eradicating Differences: The Treatment of Minorities in Nazi-Dominated Europe (2010) and Racial Science in Hitler’s New Europe, 1939-1945 (with Rory Yeomans, 2013).

Series: Volume 17, War and Genocide


LC: D804.5.G85 N39 2013

BISAC: HIS043000 HISTORY/Holocaust; HIS010000 HISTORY/Europe/General; HIS027010 HISTORY/Military/Biological & Chemical Warfare

BIC: HBTZ Genocide & ethnic cleansing; HBWQ Second World War



Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Chapter 1. Assimilation and Persecution: An Overview of Attitudes Toward Gypsies in France
Shannon L. Fogg

Chapter 2. Genocidal Trajectory: Persecution of Gypsies in Austria, 1938-1945
Florian Freund

Chapter 3. Ustaša Mass Violence Against Gypsies in Croatia, 1941-1942
Alexander Korb

Chapter 4. Ethnic Cleansing or “Crime Prevention”? Deportation of Romanian Roma
Vladimir Solonari

Chapter 5. Nazi Occupation Policies and the Mass Murder of the Roma in Ukraine
Mikhail Tyaglyy

Chapter 6. The Nazi Persecution of Roma in Northwestern Russia:The Operational Area of the Army Group North, 1941-1944
Martin Holler

Chapter 7. The Justice System of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies
Gilad Margalit

Chapter 8. Disentangling the Hierarchy of Victimhood: Commemorating Sinti and Roma and Jews in Germany’s National Narrative
Nadine Blumer

Chapter 9. The Aftermath of the Roma Genocide From Implicit Memories to Commemoration
Sławomir Kapralski

Select Bibliography
Contributors
Index

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