AGEING WITHOUT CHILDREN
European and Asian Perspectives on Elderly Access to Support Networks
Edited by Philip Kreager and Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill
ISBN 978-1-57181-614-6 $99.00/£60.00 Hb Published (March 2005)
ISBN 978-1-84545-041-0 $25.00/£15.00 Pb Published (March 2005)
“by emphasizing the historical and synchronous universality of the childless elderly in the East and the West and by highlighting the social context of their formation and relations, Ageing without Children: European and Asian Perspectives fills a glaring lacuna in demographic studies.” · H-Net Reviews
“As a collection of rich case studies…the volume will provide a welcome read and source of enlightening data.” · JRAI
Rapid fertility declines and improved longevity are now shifting the overall balance of population towards older ages in many parts of the world. Within this growing population of older people there are many groups with particular needs about which relatively little is known. This collection focuses on one such sub-population, the elderly without children. Few would deny that childlessness poses potential human and welfare problems for older people without them. What is less well known is that comparative anthropological and historical demographic research indicates that childlessness is a recurring social phenomenon that has affected 1 in 5 older women in many cultures and historical periods. High levels of childlessness arise not solely or primarily from biological factors like primary sterility, but from a combination of actors. Many, like non-marriage, delayed childbearing , and pathological sterility, reflect the interaction of social and biological influences.
Also of major importance are factors that remove the support of children from elders' lives: migration, mortality, divorce, remarriage, family enmity, social mobility, and the pressing demands of family and career on younger generations. The papers collected in this volume employ a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods to define and characterize the experience of ageing without children.
Philip Kreager is Lecturer in Human Sciences, Somerville College, and Senior Research Fellow at the Oxford Institute of Ageing.
Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill is Lecturer in Gerontology at the University of Southampton.
Series: Volume 6, Fertility, Reproduction and Sexuality
LC: HV1481.E782 A34 2004
BL: YC.2009.a.8204BISAC: SOC002000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/General; MED000000 MEDICAL/GeneralBIC: PSXM Medical anthropology; JFSP31 Age groups: the elderly
List of Figures
List of Tables
Chapter 1. Where are the Children?
PART I: ASIA
Chapter 2. Problems of Elderly without Children: A Case-study of the Matrilineal Minangkabau, West Sumatra
Chapter 3. ‘They Don’t Need It, and I Can’t Give It’: Filial Support in South India
Chapter 4. Adoption, Patronage and Charity: Arrangements for the Elderly without Children in East Java
Chapter 5. In the Absence of Family Support: Cases of Childless Widows in Urban Neighbourhoods of East Java
PART II: EUROPE
Chapter 6. Demographic Change in Europe: Implications for Future Family Support for Older People
Maria Evandrou and Jane Falkingham
Chapter 7. British Pakistani Elderly without Children: An Invisible Minority
Chapter 8. Home-place, Movement and Autonomy: Rural Aged in East Anglia and Normandy
Chapter 9. The Position of the Elderly in Greece Prior to the Second World War: Evidence from Three Island Populations
Notes on Contributors
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