Breaking Away from Ideology and Everyday Routine in Eastern Europe, 1945-1989
Edited by Cathleen M. Giustino, Catherine J. Plum, and Alexander Vari
ISBN 978-0-85745-669-4 Hb $105.00/£65.00 Published (March 2013)
“…a superb collection of essays focusing on what the authors refer to as ‘socialist escapes’ in postwar eastern Europe under state socialism, i.e., on the everyday efforts of ordinary individuals to escape regime regimentation and control, as well as the challenges of everyday life, through a variety of leisure pursuits and activities...Written by a group of talented young scholars who demonstrate a thorough grounding in the former East European archives, the essays are well written and cohere very nicely.” · Andrew I. Port, Wayne State University
During much of the Cold War, physical escape from countries in the East Bloc was a near impossible act. There remained, however, possibilities for other socialist escapes, particularly time away from party ideology and the mundane routines of everyday life. The essays in this volume examine sites of socialist escapes, such as beaches, camp sites, nightclubs, concerts, castles, cars, and soccer matches. The chapters explore the effectiveness of state efforts to engineer society through leisure, entertainment, and related forms of cultural programming and consumption, as it was in leisure and tourism that the party’s intentions encountered Eigen-Sinn, the pursuit of individual interests. This volume leads to a deeper understanding of state– society relations in the East Bloc, where the state did not simply “dictate from above” and inhabitants had some opportunities to shape solidarities, identities, and meaning.
Cathleen M. Giustino is Professor of History at Auburn University where she teaches courses on modern Central and Eastern European history.
Catherine J. Plum is Associate Professor of History at Western New England University where she teaches courses on modern European and German history.
Alexander Vari is Associate Professor of Modern European History at Marywood University.
LC: DJK50.S63 2012BISAC: HIS010010 HISTORY/Europe/Eastern; HIS054000 HISTORY/Social History; HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th CenturyBIC: HBJD European history; HBTB Social & cultural history
Preface with Acknowledgments
List of Figures
Chapter 1. Escaping the Monotony of Everyday Life under Socialism
CONCERT HALLS AND ESTATE MUSEUMS
Chapter 2. Instrumentalizing Entertainment and Education: Early Cold War Music Festivals in East Germany and Poland
Chapter 3. Open Gates and Wandering Minds: Codes, Castles, and Chateaux in Socialist Czechoslovakia before 1960
Cathleen M. Giustino
CABINS IN THE WOODS
Chapter 4. Encountering Poland’s “Wild West”: Tourism in the Bieszczady Mountains under Socialism
Patrice M. Dabrowski
Chapter 5. Summer Camp for Socialists: Conformity and Escapism at Camp Mitschurin in East Germany
Catherine J. Plum
Chapter 6. From the Party to the Beach Party: Nudism and Artistic Expression in the People’s Republic of Romania
Chapter 7. Smoke and Beers: Touristic Escapes and Places to Party in Socialist Bulgaria, 1956-1976
ROADSIDE ADVENTURES AND BRIGHT CITY LIGHTS
Chapter 8. Hitchhikers’ Paradise: The Intersection of Mass Mobility, Consumer Demand, and Ideology in the People’s Republic of Poland
Chapter 9. Nocturnal Entertainments, Five-Star Hotels, and Youth Counterculture: Re-Inventing Budapest’s Nightlife under Socialism
SPORTS AND STADIA
Chapter 10. Getting off Track in East Germany: Adolescent Motorcycle Fans and Honecker’s Consumer Socialism
Chapter 11. Power at Play: Soccer Stadiums and Popular Culture in 1980s Romania
Chapter 12. Escapes and Other Border Crossings in Socialist Eastern Europe
Cathleen M. Giustino
Notes on Contributors