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The Masculine Woman in Weimar Germany
220 pages, 32 ills, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-0-85745-120-0 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (April 2011)
ISBN 978-1-78238-105-1 $29.95/£23.95 Pb Published (April 2013)
eISBN 978-0-85745-121-7 eBook
“…a valuable contribution both to studies in cultural history and to the history of gender and sexuality in Weimar Germany, which will be of interest to scholars and students alike. Sutton's clearly written prose renders the book very accessible. By shifting the focus onto a previously largely neglected area, the study invites further examination of queer genders, both female and male, in pre-Nazi Germany, which, one hopes, will appear before long.” · Seminar. Journal of Germanic Studies
“Sutton has written an eloquent and theoretically sophisticated book documenting convincingly the ubiquity of the masculine woman in Weimar-era print media. By systematically combining analysis of mainstream media commentary with an examination of discussions within the female homosexual subculture, she adds an important new facet to the historiography on the New Woman.” · Women’s History Review
“…the author has produced a fine work that, as she notes, reinforces the virtues of gender as a useful category of historical analysis.” · The Historian
“..an important addition to the history of Germany and the history of human actors. It complements an emerging body of literature that seeks to explore the complicated and often contradictory nature of Weimar’s social values, demonstrating that while the progressive democracy did much to modernize German society, it did not uniformly enable or support more liberal policies and outlooks.” · American Historical Review
“Sutton’s examination of women adopting male roles...teases out a series of fascinating paradoxes surrounding their enactment of greater sexual freedoms…[Her] work, beyond being a clearly written and compelling read, is also an important intervention into a largely unfamiliar body of Weimar literature, and her approach produces an in-depth and nuanced reading of the masculine woman.” · The German Quarterly
“The material, on which the research is based, is used in a novel way, as is the subject matter; both are convincingly linked through the theoretical framework. In this way the study not only offers a contribution to the cultural history, but also to sexuality and ‘queer’ gender analysis in the Weimar Republic. Of further merit is the exploration of continuities and changes with regard to National Socialism.” · German Studies Review
“Sutton’s study…engages well with relevant historiography…her reading of sub-cultural magazines to reveal the complexity of female masculinities in the Weimar Republic also provides evidence to support a belief in the Republic’s modernity. Her study, in an under-researched and specialist aspect of the New Woman, is a welcome addition to the ever-growing body of work on women and sexuality in the Weimar Republic and to Weimar’s cultural history.” · German History
“This meticulously researched study sheds new light on the dynamics of gender and the figure of the new woman in interwar Germany…[It] firmly situates the masculine woman within Weimar gender politics while providing a highly readable cultural history that resonates with present-day discourses of gender performance and flexibility. Highly recommended.” · Choice
“The author makes an important contribution to the scholarship in that she has worked through the printed material systematically to give an authoritative account of a female sub-culture under the republic. As far as I am aware, she is the first to do so in the English language. The book therefore fills an important gap in Weimar cultural/gender studies.” · Anthony McElligott, University of Limerick
“This work is a worthwhile examination of the masculine woman in an emergent field of female masculinity, a category that has not been addressed in the literature on Weimar to the extent that this work does. Sutton's text denies the reader the comfort of binary sexualities and instead unpacks the many-layered complexities and interplays of (mostly female) queer genders and sexualities." · Vibeke Rützou Petersen, Drake University
Throughout the Weimar period the so-called “masculinization of woman” was much more than merely an outsider or subcultural phenomenon; it was central to representations of the changing female ideal, and fed into wider debates concerning the health and fertility of the German “race” following the rupture of war. Drawing on recent developments within the history of sexuality, this book sheds new light on representations and discussions of the masculine woman within the Weimar print media from 1918–1933. It traces the connotations and controversies surrounding this figure from her rise to media prominence in the early 1920s until the beginning of the Nazi period, considering questions of race, class, sexuality, and geography. By focusing on styles, bodies and identities that did not conform to societal norms of binary gender or heterosexuality, this book contributes to our understanding of gendered lives and experiences at this pivotal juncture in German history.
Katie Sutton is an Australian Research Council postdoctoral fellow at the University of Melbourne, where she is researching the historical relationship between sexology and psychoanalysis. She has previously undertaken postdoctoral research on early twentieth-century German sexual subcultures as a DAAD fellow at the Universität Potsdam, and holds a PhD from the University of Melbourne.
Subject: Gender Studies and Sexuality History: 20th Century to Present
List of Figures
Introduction: "The Masculinization of Woman"
Chapter 1. "Which One is the Man?" The Masculinization of Women's Fashions
Chapter 2. "In the Beginning there was Sport": The Masculinized Female Athlete
Chapter 3. "My Emil is Different": Queer Female Masculinities in the Weimar Media
Chapter 4. The Trouser Role: Female Masculinity as Performance
Chapter 5. Beyond Berlin: Female Masculinities in Weimar Fiction
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