Berghahn Books Logo

berghahn New York · Oxford

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Youtube
  • Instagram
Difference and Sameness as Modes of Integration: Anthropological Perspectives on Ethnicity and Religion

View Table of Contents

Volume 16

Integration and Conflict Studies

See Related
Anthropology Journals

Email Newsletters

Sign up for our email newsletters to get customized updates on new Berghahn publications.

Click here to select your preferences

Difference and Sameness as Modes of Integration

Anthropological Perspectives on Ethnicity and Religion

Edited by Günther Schlee and Alexander Horstmann

272 pages, 10 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78533-715-4 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (November 2017)

ISBN  978-1-78920-765-1 $34.95/£27.95 Pb Published (June 2020)

eISBN 978-1-78533-716-1 eBook

Hb Pb   Buy the eBook! $34.95 Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Available in GOBI®


“Schlee and Horstmann as the book’s editors must be congratulated on combining a variety of perspectives from around the globe on how differences and sameness may either contribute to or prohibit unity. In this regard, Schlee’s introduction provides a helpful analysis of four models…[It] consists of proper scholarly research well substantiated by references and would therefore serve as good scholarly material. The presentation of the data is not too difficult for a non-specialist who is interested in inter-cultural engagement. In this regard, this collection should attract a wide audience.” • Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (JRAI)

“While conflict remains the dominant trope in the analysis of ethnic diversity, the book accrues its value in emphasising coexistence as a mode of managing diversity.” • Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale


What does it mean to “fit in?” In this volume of essays, editors Günther Schlee and Alexander Horstmann demystify the discourse on identity, challenging common assumptions about the role of sameness and difference as the basis for inclusion and exclusion. Armed with intimate knowledge of local systems, social relationships, and the negotiation of people’s positions in the everyday politics, these essays tease out the ways in which ethnicity, religion and nationalism are used for social integration.

Günther Schlee is Director emeritus of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany. Prior to this appointment he was a Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Bielefeld. His main publications include Identities on the Move: Clanship and Pastoralism in Northern Kenya (Manchester University Press, 1989), How Enemies Are Made: Towards a Theory of Ethnic and Religious Conflict (Berghahn Books, 2008) and Pastoralism and Politics (with Abdullahi A. Shongolo, James Currey, 2012).

Alexander Horstmann is Associate Professor in Southeast Asian Studies at the School of Humanities, Tallinn University, Estonia. He has held visiting positions at Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Mahidol University and EHESS in Paris. He is co-editor of the Berghahn Journal Advances in Research: Conflict and Society. He published Building Noah’s Ark for Migrants, Refugees, and Religious Communities ( Palgrave, 2015) and Faith in the Future: Understanding the Revitalization of Religion and Cultural Traditions in Asia (Brill, 2012).

Subject: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Peace and Conflict Studies


List of Illustrations

Introduction: Difference and Sameness as Modes of Integration
Günther Schlee

Chapter 1. Distances and Hierarchies: The Struggle over Ethnic Symbols in Nepal’s Public Spaces
Joanna Pfaff-Czarnecka

Chapter 2. Identity through Difference: Ambivalences of the Social Integration of Mauritania’s Former Slaves
Urs Peter Ruf

Chapter 3. Identification with the State and Identifications by the State
Günther Schlee

Chapter 4. Politics of Belonging and Identity Transformations in Northern Côte d’Ivoire and Western Burkina Faso
Youssouf Diallo

Chapter 5. Tanguiéta: Identity Processes and Political History in a Small African Town
Tilo Grätz

Chapter 6. Transnational Practices and Post-Soviet Collective Identity
Claus Bech Hansen and Markus Kaiser

Chapter 7. Living Together: The Transformation of Multi-Religious Coexistence in Southern Thailand
Alexander Horstmann

Chapter 8. Three Dyads Compared: Nuer/Anywaa (Ethiopia), Maasai/Kamba (Kenya), and Evenki/Buryat (Siberia)
Günther Schlee

Chapter 9. Ruling over Ethnic and Religious Differences: A Comparative Essay on Empires
Günther Schlee

Günther Schlee, Alexander Horstmann, and John Eidson


Back to Top