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World War I and the Jews
Conflict and Transformation in Europe, the Middle East, and America
Edited by Marsha L. Rozenblit and Jonathan Karp
354 pages, 8 figures, 5 maps, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78533-592-1 $149.00/£110.00 Hb Published (August 2017)
ISBN 978-1-78920-085-0 $29.95/£23.95 Pb Published (October 2018)
eISBN 978-1-78533-593-8 eBook
“The book is a powerful statement of the transformations that affected Jews, particularly the post-war settlement… it is highly recommended to anyone interested in Jewish history, to anyone interested in the war, and to those who study early twentieth century history in the areas covered.” • European Review of History
“Any student or scholar of World War I, Jewish history, and twentieth-century nationalism will appreciate this impressive edited volume.” • European History Quarterly
“This volume fills a crucial research gap in modern Jewish history, contains excellent essays by senior and junior scholars, and makes a convincing case why the ‘Great War’ marked a crucial turning point in modern Jewish history on both sides of the Atlantic.” • Tobias Brinkmann, The Pennsylvania State University
World War I utterly transformed the lives of Jews around the world: it allowed them to display their patriotism, to dispel antisemitic myths about Jewish cowardice, and to fight for Jewish rights. Yet Jews also suffered as refugees and deportees, at times catastrophically. And in the aftermath of the war, the replacement of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Russian and Ottoman Empires with a system of nation-states confronted Jews with a new set of challenges. This book provides a fascinating survey of the ways in which Jewish communities participated in and were changed by the Great War, focusing on the dramatic circumstances they faced in Europe, North America, and the Middle East during and after the conflict.
Marsha L. Rozenblit is the Harvey M. Meyerhoff Professor of Modern Jewish History at the University of Maryland. She is the author of The Jews of Vienna, 1867-1914: Assimilation and Identity (1983) and Constructing a National Identity: The Jews of Habsburg Austria during World War I (2001) and co-editor, with Pieter M. Judson, of Constructing Nationalities in East Central Europe (2005).
Jonathan Karp is Associate Professor of History and Judaic Studies at Binghamton University. He is the author of The Politics of Jewish Commerce: Economic Thought and Emancipation in Europe, 1638-1838 (2008) and editor of several academic collections, including, with Adam Sutcliffe, Philosemitism in History (2012) and the Cambridge History of Judaism in the Early Modern Period (2017). He was Executive Director of the American Jewish Historical Society from 2010-2013.
Subject: Jewish Studies
Introduction: On the Significance of World War I and the Jews
Jonathan Karp and Marsha L. Rozenblit
PART I: OVERVIEWS
Chapter 1. World War I and its Impact on the Problem of Security in Jewish History
Chapter 2. The European Jewish World 1914-1919: What Changed?
Chapter 3. Jewish Diplomacy and the Politics of War and Peace
PART II: LOCAL STUDIES
Chapter 4. Bravery in the Borderlands, Martyrs on the Margins: Jewish War Heroes and World War I Narratives in France, 1914-1940
Chapter 5. The Budapest Jewish Community’s Galician October
Chapter 6. Confronting the Bacterial Enemy: Public Health, Philanthropy, and Jewish Responses to Typhus in Poland, 1914-1921
Chapter 7. The Union of Jewish Soldiers under Soviet Rule
Chapter 8. Global Conflict, Local Politics: The Jews of Salonica and World War I
Paris Papamichos Chronakis
Chapter 9. Recounting the Past, Shaping the Future: Ladino Literary Representations of World War I
Chapter 10. Women and the War: The Social and Economic Impact of World War I on Jewish Women in the Traditional Holy Cities of Palestine
Michal Ben Ya’akov
Chapter 11. Baghdadi Jews in the Ottoman Military during World War I
Reeva Spector Simon
Chapter 12. Unintentional Pluralists: Military Policy, Jewish Servicemen, and the Development of Tri-Faith America during World War I
Chapter 13. American Yiddish Socialists at the Wartime Crossroads: Patriotism and Nationalism versus Proletarian Internationalism
Chapter 14. Louis Marshall during World War I: Change and Continuity in Jewish Culture and Politics
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