Studies in German History
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Adolf Cluss, Architect
From Germany to America
Edited by Alan Lessoff and Christof Mauch
180 pages, ills, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-84545-052-6 $59.95/£47.95 / Pb / Published (January 2005)
“…a well-researched and compellingly presented portrait of a rich, untapped subject. The book opens up fertile territory for further study.” · H-Net Reviews
Published in Association with the German Historical Institute, Washington, D.C.
Adolf Cluss was born in 1825 into a middle-class family of master stonemasons, engineers and entrepreneurs in Heilbronn, Germany. A colleague and correspondent of Karl Marx, and a participant in the unsuccessful German revolution of 1848, he emigrated to the United States. Until 1858 he remained a member in the German Communist Party although by then he had established himself in both German-American life and in the professional and intellectual milieu of Washington where he was soon considered the most important architect. Thanks to Cluss’s imagination, technical skills, and vision of a new cityscape, Washington became a showcase for the nation through the handsome public buildings and private structures that expressed national confidence and international interest in improving the health, safety, and beautification of cities. Cluss’s work as an architect, civil engineer and urban planner in Washington represents a long neglected chapter in the development of the capital city during the social and physical rebuilding that followed the Civil War.
Major scholars in the field place Cluss’s life and career in a historical context. Their essays are enhanced by many previously unpublished illustrations drawn from years of research. A photo essay at the center of the book vividly illustrates Washington in Cluss’s time, Cluss’s contribution to Washington, and the fate of Cluss’s buildings and city.
Allen Lessoff is Professor of History at Illinois State University, where he teaches United States and comparative urban history. In 1996-97, he was a Fulbright professor at the University of Kassel, Germany. His publications include, The Nation and Its City: Politics, "Corruption," and Progress in Washington, D.C., 1861-1902 (1994).Lessoff is the editor of The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era.
Christof Mauch is presently Director of the Rachel Carson Center in Munich, Germany and since 2007 Professor of American Cultural History and Transatlantic Relations at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. From 1999 to 2007, he was the director of the German Historical Institute in Washington D.C.