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Civilizing Nature: National Parks in Global Historical Perspective

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Volume 1

Environment in History: International Perspectives

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Civilizing Nature

National Parks in Global Historical Perspective

Edited by Bernhard Gissibl, Sabine Höhler and Patrick Kupper

304 pages, 12 figures & 3 tables, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-0-85745-525-3 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (November 2012)

ISBN  978-1-78238-908-8 $34.95/£27.95 Pb Published (March 2015)

eISBN 978-0-85745-527-7 eBook

Hb Pb View cartYour country: United States - Click here to remove geolocation   Buy the eBook! $34.95 Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Available in GOBI®


This book makes a unique contribution to the conservation literature by enhancing one's understanding and appreciation of the cultural meaning of nature conservation through the lens of national park development. […] Highly recommended.” · Choice

“The book meets its aim of moving conservation scholarship in a new direction by providing analysis of the ‘national’’ (and not just the ‘park’) part of national parks.” · The Public Historian

“The essays in Civilizing Nature are generally very good in outlining and analyzing institutions, governments, and the roles of NGOs, scientists, and stakeholders within and regarding national parks around the globe.” · Journal of Tourism History

“This volume impresses with a well written, fascinating and remarkably multi-facetted story about one of the globally most successful nature conservation policies. It shows clearly that the future of environmental and nature conservation work lies in comparative global history that leaves enough room for local specificities and actors, without losing sight of larger processes.” · Sehepunkte

“Civilizing Nature is a seminal work of outstanding scholars in their fields…a critically important addition to academic library Environmental Studies.” · Midwest Book Review

“For those fascinated by the notion and practice of national parks, it is probably best to start with the abstracts to the thirteen chapters…[that] convey the truly global scope of the present volume… The editors are to be congratulated for their strong cast of contributors and the‘fine essays that represent the fruits of cutting-edge research.” · Environment and History

“[This volume] brings together an appealing array of scholars to describe and discuss how the term ‘national park’ has been perceived and used worldwide. While taking readers on a whirlwind tour of places—20-odd parks in more than 16 countries in 13 chapters—it explores ideas of ‘territorialization’ ‘nationalism,’ and ‘globalization’ in an ecological milieu and, in turn, puts ‘wilderness,’ ‘nature,’ and ‘preservation’ in much-needed political and cultural context…Overall, the work leaves cultural geographers informed and inspired to continue studying and contributing to discussions of reservation, politics, ecology, and history in the context of national parks.” · Journal of Cultural Geography

"With an intellectual coherence often missing in the revised proceedings of conferences, Civilizing Nature is a path‐breaking work in its field of comparative national park history. Both editors and contributors must be commended on the outcome. It is also a valuable contribution to environmental history more broadly and a useful addition to the study of twentieth‐century global history." · Ian Tyrrell, Environment and Nature in New Zealand

The editors are to be congratulated on having put together such a strong cast of contributors and on having extracted such fine essays that represent the fruits of cutting-edge research on national park history. I feel strongly that the future of environmental history lies in global and comparative studies of this sort and this volume offers a model in being both genuinely global and genuinely comparative.” · Peter Coates, University of Bristol

This book is very worthwhile, and likely to be of interest to readers interesting in conservation and environmental studies more widely. The way that the manuscript is organised into themes is very sensible and helps the reader draw some of the connections between apparently disparate cases.” · Rosaleen Duffy, University of Manchester


National parks are one of the most important and successful institutions in global environmentalism. Since their first designation in the United States in the 1860s and 1870s they have become a global phenomenon. The development of these ecological and political systems cannot be understood as a simple reaction to mounting environmental problems, nor can it be explained by the spread of environmental sensibilities. Shifting the focus from the usual emphasis on national parks in the United States, this volume adopts an historical and transnational perspective on the global geography of protected areas and its changes over time. It focuses especially on the actors, networks, mechanisms, arenas, and institutions responsible for the global spread of the national park and the associated utilization and mobilization of asymmetrical relationships of power and knowledge, contributing to scholarly discussions of globalization and the emergence of global environmental institutions and governance.

Bernhard Gissibl is Postdoctoral Researcher at the Leibniz-Institute of European History in Mainz. His PhD dissertation explored the history of hunting and wildlife conservation in colonial Tanzania and is forthcoming with Berghahn under the title The Nature of German Imperialism. Conservation and the Politics of Wildlife in colonial East Africa.

Sabine Höhler is Associate Professor of Science and Technology Studies at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. Her recent book on Spaceship Earth explores global concepts of environmental carrying capacity and life support between 1960 and 1990 (Pickering & Chatto 2015).

Patrick Kupper is Professor of Economic and Social History at the University of Innsbruck. He is the author of Creating Wilderness: a transnational history of the Swiss National Park (Berghahn 2014).

Subject: Environmental Studies General History General Geography


List of Tables, Maps and Illustrations
List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Towards a Global History of National Parks
Bernhard Gissibl, Sabine Höhler, Patrick Kupper


Chapter 1. Unpacking Yellowstone: The American National Park in Global Perspective
Karen Jones

Chapter 2. How National Were the First National Parks? Comparative Perspectives from the British Settler Societies
Melissa Harper and Richard White

Chapter 3. Imperial Preservation and Landscape Reclamation: National Parks and Natural Reserves in French Colonial Africa
Caroline Ford

Chapter 4. From Colonial Imposition to National Icon: Malaysia's Taman Negara National Park
Jeyamalar Kathirithamby-Wells

Chapter 5. A Bavarian Serengeti: Space, race and time in the entangled history of nature conservation in East Africa and Germany
Bernhard Gissibl


Chapter 6. Translating Yellowstone: Early European National Parks, Weltnaturschutz and the Swiss Model
Patrick Kupper

Chapter 7. Framing the Heritage of Mankind: National Parks on the International Agenda
Anna-Katharina Wöbse

Chapter 8. Global Values, Local Politics: Inuit Internationalism and the Establishment of Northern Yukon National Park
Brad Martin

Chapter 9. Demarcating Wilderness and Disciplining Wildlife: Radiotracking Large Carnivores in Yellowstone and ChitwanNational Parks
Etienne Benson


Chapter 10. A Revolutionary Civilization: National Parks, Transnational Exchanges, and the Construction of Modern Mexico
Emily Wakild

Chapter 11. Parks without Wilderness, Wilderness without Parks? Assigning National Park status to Dutch Man-made Landscapes and Colonial Game Reserves
Henny van der Windt

Chapter 12. Globalizing Nature: National Parks, Tiger Reserves, and Biosphere Reserves in Independent India
Michael Lewis

Chapter 13. Slovenia’s Triglav National Park: From Imperial Borderland to National Ethnoscape
Carolin Firouzeh Roeder

Epilogue: National Parks, Civilization and Globalization
Jane Carruthers

Select Bibliography                       

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