Cultivating Arctic Landscapes
Knowing and Managing Animals in the Circumpolar North
Edited by David G. Anderson and Mark Nuttall
256 pages, 2 maps, 4 photos, index
ISBN 978-1-57181-574-3 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (January 2004)
ISBN 978-1-57181-575-0 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (January 2004)
eISBN 978-1-78238-209-6 eBook
"The edited work contains one of the most interesting sets of northern papers to appear in a very long time...each paper is excellent...this book will hopefully provoke considerable thought...This is a work that should be discussed in terms of the particulars of the various papers, but also for the overview it provides." - Polar Record
In the last two decades, there has been an increased awareness of the traditions and issues that link aboriginal people across the circumpolar North. One of the key aspects of the lives of circumpolar peoples, be they in Scandinavia, Alaska, Russia, or Canada, is their relationship to the wild animals that support them. Although divided for most of the 20th Century by various national trading blocks, and the Cold War, aboriginal people in each region share common stories about the various capitalist and socialist states that claimed control over their lands and animals. Now, aboriginal peoples throughout the region are reclaiming their rights.
This volume is the first to give a well-rounded portrait of wildlife management, aboriginal rights, and politics in the circumpolar north. The book reveals unexpected continuities between socialist and capitalist ecological styles, as well as addressing the problems facing a new era of cultural exchanges between aboriginal peoples in each region.
David G. Anderson is Lecturer in Social Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen.
Mark Nuttall is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen.
Subject: Environmental Studies General Anthropology
List of Figures
by Tim Ingold
List of Abbreviations
Chapter 1. Reindeer, Caribou and ‘Fairy Stories’ of State Power
David G. Anderson
Chapter 2. Uses and Abuses of ‘Traditional Knowledge’: Perspectives from the Yukon Territory
Chapter 3. Local Knowledge in Greenland: Arctic Perspectives and Contextual Differences
Chapter 4. Codifying Knowledge about Caribou: The History of Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada
Chapter 5. A Story about a Muskox: Some Implications of Tetlit Gwich’in Human–Animal Relationships
Chapter 6. ‘We did not want the muskox to increase’: Inuvialuit Knowledge about Muskox and Caribou Populations on Banks Island, Canada
Chapter 7. Political Ecology in Swedish Saamiland
Chapter 8. Saami Pastoral Society in Northern Norway: The National Integration of an Indigenous Management System
Chapter 9. Chukotkan Reindeer Husbandry in the Twentieth Century: In the Image of the Soviet Economy
Patty A. Gray
Chapter 10. A Genealogy of the Concept of ‘Wanton Slaughter’ in Canadian Wildlife Biology
Chapter 11. Caribou Crisis or Administrative Crisis? Wildlife and Aboriginal Policies on the Barren Grounds of Canada, 1947–60
Peter J. Usher
Chapter 12. Epilogue: Cultivating Arctic Landscapes
Notes on Contributors
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