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The Revolution before the Revolution: Late Authoritarianism and Student Protest in Portugal

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Volume 18

Protest, Culture & Society

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The Revolution before the Revolution

Late Authoritarianism and Student Protest in Portugal

Guya Accornero

186 pages, 6 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78533-114-5 $135.00/£99.00 / Hb / Published (April 2016)

ISBN  978-1-80073-010-6 $29.95/£23.95 / Pb / Published (April 2021)

eISBN 978-1-78533-115-2 eBook

View CartYour country: - edit Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format)Recommend to your LibraryAvailable in GOBI®


“[This volume] is methodologically solid, empirically rich and theoretically innovative and will be an indispensable read to anyone interested in the history of authoritarianism and social movements in postwar Europe, scholarly or not.” • Democratization

The Revolution before the Revolution is a landmark study, bringing us an insightful look into student mobilization against authoritarianism which will be of interest not only to students and scholars of Southern European democratization, but also to those concerned with the dynamics of opposition to authoritarianism in a wide range of settings.” • Social History

“This is an excellent study of the political mobilization of students in the long 1960s and its global diffusion in an authoritarian setting. It will be essential reading for students of social movements and political and cultural change in Europe.” • António Costa Pinto, University of Lisbon

“While there have been important studies of the rural and labor movements against the Portuguese dictatorship, the era’s student movements have for the most part not yet been approached in the same vein. Guya Accornero’s book on the subject combines important empirical research with a clear theoretical framework, making a contribution that is relevant beyond just Portuguese history.” • Rafael Durán-Muñoz, Universidad de Málaga


Histories of Portugal’s transition to democracy have long focused on the 1974 military coup that toppled the authoritarian Estado Novo regime and set in motion the divestment of the nation’s colonial holdings. However, the events of this “Carnation Revolution” were in many ways the culmination of a much longer process of resistance and protest originating in universities and other sectors of society. Combining careful research in police, government, and student archives with insights from social movement theory, The Revolution before the Revolution broadens our understanding of Portuguese democratization by tracing the societal convulsions that preceded it over the course of the “long 1960s.”

Guya Accornero is an Assistant Professor in Political Science at the Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE-IUL) and co-chair of the Research Group on 'Politics and Citizenship' at CIES-IUL. She is the Principal Investigator of the FCT funded Project 'HOPES: HOusing PErspectives and Struggles', and co-chair of the Council of European Studies Research Network Social Movements. Her main area of teaching and research are social movements, digital activism, policing protest, radicalism, gentrification and housing activism, citizenship. She has published articles in four languages in journals including Mobilization, Social Movement Studies, Journal of Contemporary Religion, West European Politics, Estudos Ibero-Americanos, Democratization, Cultures et Conflits, Historein. She is the co-editor (with Olivier Fillieule) of the book Social Movement Studies in Europe (2016 Berghahn Books).

Subject: History: 20th Century to PresentSociology
Area: Southern Europe


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