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Volume 17

New Directions in Anthropology



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Rebordering the Mediterranean

Boundaries and Citizenship in Southern Europe

Liliana Suárez-Navaz

280 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-57181-472-2 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (August 2004)

ISBN  978-1-84545-043-4 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (November 2005)

eISBN 978-1-78238-190-7 eBook


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Description

Offering a rich ethnographic account, this book traces the historical processes by which Andalusians experienced the shift from being poor emigrants to northern Europe to becoming privileged citizens of the southern borderland of the European Union, a region where thousands of African immigrants have come in search of a better life. It draws on extended ethnographic fieldwork in Granada and Senegal, exploring the shifting, complementary and yet antagonistic relations between Spaniards and African immigrants in the Andalusian agrarian work place. The author's findings challenge the assumption of fixed national, cultural, and socioeconomic boundaries vis-à-vis outside migration in core countries, showing how legal and cultural identities of Andalusians are constructed together with that of immigrants.

Liliana Suárez-Navaz is Professor in the Social Anthropology Department at Autónoma University of Madrid.

Subject: General Anthropology Sociology
Area: Southern Europe



Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

  • Identities and Citizenship in the Andalusian Borderland
  • Modernity in the Making: The Reinscription of Difference in a Legally Bounded Space
  • Culture and Gender in Ethnographic Work

Chapter 1. Peoples of Alfaya: The Relocation of Peasants in Southern Europe

  • Peasants in Francoist Times
  • Rights and the Experience of Emigration
  • Irrigation, Intensive Labor, and the Autonomous Entrepreneur
  • Politics of Change: The Social Vision of the Village
  • The Price of Modernization: Loss of Autonomía in a Global Space
  • A New Relationship with the State
  • Alfaya in the Narratives of the Past: Inclusive versus Exclusive Criteria of Belonging
  • Summary and Preliminary Conclusions

Chapter 2. Contested Boundaries

  • Crossing Boundaries
  • The Making of a European Spain and Southern Immigrants
  • Enactment of the Alien Law
  • Andalusia’s Muslim Imagery
  • “Outsider” into “Foreigner”: The First Case of Enforcement of the LOE and Collective Resistance
  • Act 1: Hailing and Resistance
  • Act 2: Resistance to Expulsion and Nationalism That “Goes without Saying,"

Chapter 3. Putting Immigrants in Their Place

  • Landscapes of Inequality
  • Africans in Alfaya: “No Place to Stay,"
  • Sheltering the Homeless: Immigrants’ Place as a Right and an Arena for Consciousness-Building
  • Putting Immigrants in Their (Social) Place
  • Naturalizing Difference

Chapter 4. The Symbolic and Political Manufacturing of the Legitimation of Legality

  • Salir a la Luz: The 1991 Regularization Process
  • Immigrants as Administered Subjects and the Fetishism of Papers

Chapter 5. The Imagining of Multicultural Convivencia in a Legally Bounded Social Space

  • Integration: The Imagining of Cultural Antagonism and Multicultural Consent
  • Local Implementation of Social Programs in the Summer of 1994
  • The Politics of Invisibility: A Racial Geography of Labor Relations

Chapter 6. The Senegalese Transnational Social Space: Survival and Identity in the Interstices of State Reproduction and Global Economy

  • The Forging of a Modern National Tradition in Senegal: Black Islam, Peripheral State, and Global Capitalism
  • Tradition and Cosmopolitanism in Emigration: Reproduction and Change in Senegalese Society
  • Community in the Diaspora: The Construction of Granada as a Senegalese Place (1980–1995)
  • Strategies of Belonging and Structures of Power: The Challenge of a Transnational Social Space

Chapter 7. A New Convivencia? Belonging and Entitlement from the Margins

  • Convivencia and Citizenship from an Anthropological Perspective
  • Convivencia at Home: The Case of Zoheir and the Blanco Family
  • Work and Leisure: Rights as Workers, Respect as People
  • Immigrants as Collective Subjects in the Public Social Space: A New Convivencia in Granada?

Conclusion

Glossary
References
Index

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