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Fertility, Reproduction and Sexuality: Social and Cultural Perspectives
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Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the Third Phase
Global Encounters and Emerging Moral Worlds
Edited by Kate Hampshire and Bob Simpson
284 pages, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78238-807-4 $130.00/£92.00 Hb Published (September 2015)
eISBN 978-1-78238-808-1 eBook
“This is a stimulating and accessible book for those with an interest in reproductive health, ethnicity, and health, or the social implications of new technologies. Its strength lies in the diverse, empathetic case studies of ART use in different regions and among a variety of groups. These case studies provide a balance of in-depth ethnographic studies and sensitive appraisals of the workings of health systems for diverse communities, with a broader vision of a future in which high-quality, culturally competent care is available for all and low-cost ART protocols allow access for people in low-resource settings to receive effective treatment for their infertility.” • Medical Anthropology Quarterly
“...a fascinating read... The complex intersections between gender, kinship, region, nationality, ethnicity, and religion — as well as the vicissitudes of individual agency — are very clearly demonstrated in this volume. For this alone it will be welcomed as a substantial accomplishment.” • Sarah Franklin, Cambridge University
Following the birth of the first “test-tube baby” in 1978, Assisted Reproductive Technologies became available to a small number of people in high-income countries able to afford the cost of private treatment, a period seen as the “First Phase” of ARTs. In the “Second Phase,” these treatments became increasingly available to cosmopolitan global elites. Today, this picture is changing — albeit slowly and unevenly — as ARTs are becoming more widely available. While, for many, accessing infertility treatments remains a dream, these are beginning to be viewed as a standard part of reproductive healthcare and family planning. This volume highlights this “Third Phase” — the opening up of ARTs to new constituencies in terms of ethnicity, geography, education, and class.
Kate Hampshire is Reader in Anthropology at Durham University. She recently co-edited (with Gina Porter and Janet Townsend) Children and Young People as Knowledge Producers (Routledge, 2014).
Bob Simpson is Professor of Anthropology at Durham University. He is the author of Changing Families: An Ethnographic Approach to Divorce and Separation (Berg, 1998).
Subject: Medical Anthropology
Introduction: Assisted Reproductive Technologies: A Third Phase?
Bob Simpson and Kate Hampshire
Section One: (Islamic) ART Journeys and Moral Pioneers
Introduction: New Reproductive Technologies in Islamic Local Moral Worlds
Marcia C. Inhorn
Chapter 1. ‘Islamic Bioethics’ in Transnational Perspective
Chapter 2. Moral Pioneers: Pakistani Muslims and the Take-up of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the North of England
Bob Simpson, Mwenza Blell and Kate Hampshire
Chapter 3. Whither Kinship? Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Relatedness in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Chapter 4. Practitioner Perspective: Practising ARTs in Islamic Contexts
Section Two: ARTs and the Low-Income Threshold.
Introduction: ARTs in Resource-Poor Areas: Practices, Experiences, Challenges and Theoretical Debates
Chapter 5. Global Access to Reproductive Technologies and Infertility Care in Developing Countries
Chapter 6. Childlessness in Bangladesh: Women’s Experiences of Access to Biomedical Infertility Services
Chapter 7. Ethics, Identities and Agency: ART, Elites and HIV/AIDS in Botswana
Chapter 8. A Child Cannot Be Bought? Economies of Hope and Failure When Doing ARTs in Mali
Chapter 9. Practitioner Perspective: A View from Sri Lanka
Thilina S. Palihawadana and H.R. Seneviratne
Section Three: ARTs and Professional Practice
Introduction: Ethnic Communities, Professions and Practices
Chapter 10. Reproductive Technologies and Ethnic Minorities: Beyond a Marginalising Discourse on the Marginalised Communities
Chapter 11. Knock Knock, ‘You’re my mummy’: Anonymity, Identification and Gamete Donation in British South Asian Communities
Nicky Hudson and Lorraine Culley
Chapter 12. Practitioner Perspective: Cultural Competence from Theory to Clinical Practice
Ana Liddie Navarro and Miriam Orcutt
Notes on Contributors
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