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Neo-nationalism in Europe and Beyond

Perspectives from Social Anthropology

Edited by Andre Gingrich & Marcus Banks
Epilogue by Ulf Hannerz

312 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-84545-189-9 $99.00/£60.00 Hb Published (August 2006)

ISBN  978-1-84545-190-5 $29.95/£18.50 Pb Published (August 2006)

eISBN 978-1-78238-611-7 eBook


Hb Pb
 

“Taken as a whole, there is much to commend and enjoy from this panoply of scholarly perspectives and analyses of fomentation and reformulation of nationalist sentiment…its subject matter, with its significant range for interdisciplinary consideration, fills a notable void in nationalism theory and study.”  ·  JRAI

"The book has its value as a rich description of several cases of 'neo-nationalism' in Western Europe. Its merits lies in drawing the lines to EU issues on the one hand, and to other countries like India and Australia on the other….an innovative work within the discipline of social anthropology, which offers nor works with such an overview."  ·  Anthropos

“…an outstanding insight into the development of nationalism at the dawn of the third millennium. Its richness lies precisely in these social anthropological views that the contributions detail. It opens a fruitful dialogue between anthropologists and political scientists, and I would warmly recommend it to those interested in widening their academic perspectives.”  ·  Social Anthropology

“Just when the interest in political scientists in neo-populist….parties seemed to be waning…along comes a volume of essays that not only proposes a new concept with which to investigate the phenomenon, ‘neo-nationalism’, but delivers something genuinely fresh on the topic. Unusually for a book of collected essays…this volume manages to be consistent both in the detail and admirable concision with which each party’s unique story I summarized…points a truly liberal, transdisciplinary humanties in the right direction to be able to engage intelligently with modern realities.”  ·  Nations and Nationalism

By the early twenty-first century neo-nationalist forces have established themselves in a number of the world’s large regions and subcontinents. From Australia to South Asia, in Eastern and Western Europe, comparable parties and movements have positioned themselves in national parliaments and governments, with some considerable impact on state power. In contrast to right-wing extremist parties in the past, these recent movements mostly operate within legal parliamentary channels, using essentialized notions of local culture to mobilize against real and alleged threats to local identities of status, gender, religion, nationhood and ethnicity.

Prompted by this near-simultaneous rise to political influence of more than a dozen apparently similar parties across Western Europe, this collection offers a range of European case studies with selected global examples, such as the Front National, the late Pim Fortuyn, India and the BJP, and Pauline Hanson and her One Nation Party in Australia. It takes up the theoretical and methodological challenges posed by this phenomenon and asks what distinctive contributions anthropology might make to its study.

Andre Gingrich is Full Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Vienna. Recent publications include Anthropology, by Comparison (co-edited with Richard G. Fox, 2002) and One Discipline, Four Ways: British, German, French, and American Anthropology: The Halle lectures (co-authored with Frederik Barth, Robert Parkin and Sydel Silverman, University of Chicago Press, forthcoming).

Marcus Banks is Professor of Visual Anthropology at the University of Oxford, and author of Organizing Jainism in India and England (Clarendon Press, 1992); Ethnicity: Anthropological Constructions (Routledge, 1996) and Visual Methods in Social Research (Sage, 2001), as well as numerous journal articles and book contributions.


LC: GN575 .N46 2006

BL: YC.2010.a.5692

BISAC: POL031000 POLITICAL SCIENCE/Political Ideologies/Nationalism; SOC019000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Methodology; SOC002000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/General

BIC: JPFN Nationalism; JHM Anthropology



Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction: Neo-nationalism in Europe and Beyond
Marcus Banks and Andre Gingrich

PART I: CONCEPTS AND METHODS

Chapter 1. Nation, Status and Gender in Trouble? Exploring Some Contexts and Characteristics of Neo-nationalism in Western Europe
Andre Gingrich

Chapter 2. Performing ‘Neo-nationalism’: Some Methodological Notes
Marcus Banks

PART II: CASE STUDIES FROM WESTERN EUROPE

Chapter 3. Imagined Kinship: The Role of Descent in the Rearticulation of Norwegian Ethno-nationalism
Marianne Gullestad

Chapter 4. The Emergence of Neo-nationalism in Denmark, 1992–2001
Peter Hervik

Chapter 5. ‘At Your Service!’: Reflections on the Rise of Neo-nationalism in the Netherlands
Thijl Sunier and Rob van Ginkel

Chapter 6. Neo-nationalism and Democracy in Belgium: On Understanding the Contexts of Neo-communitarianism
Rik Pinxten

Chapter 7. ‘Being the Native’s Friend Does Not Make You the Foreigner’s Enemy!’Neo-nationalism, the Freedom Party and Jörg Haider in Austria
Thomas Fillitz

Chapter 8. Neo-nationalism or Neo-localism? Integralist Political Engagements in Italy at the Turn of the Millennium
Jaro Stacul

Chapter 9. Regarding the Front National
Gerald Gaillard-Starzmann

PART III: EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVES

Chapter 10. ‘Healthy Native Soil’ versus Common Agricultural Policy: Neo-nationalism and Farmers in the EU, the Example of Austria
Gertraud Seiser

Chapter 11. New Nationalisms in the EU: Occupying the Available Space
Maryon McDonald

PART IV: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES

Chapter 12. Neo-nationalism in India: A Comparative Counterpoint
Mukulika Banerjee

Chapter 13. Nationalism and Neo-populism in Australia: Hansonism and the Politics of the New Right in Australia
Bruce Kapferer and Barry Morris

PART V: AFTERTHOUGHTS

Afterthoughts
Ulf Hannerz

Notes on Contributors
Subject Index
Name Index

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