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HOLOCAUST AND JUSTICE

Representation and Historiography of the Holocaust in Post-War Trials

Edited by David Bankier and Dan Michman
Published in Association with Yad Vashem and the International Institute for Holocaust Research

344 pages, 18 photos, index

ISBN  978-9-65308-353-0 $99.00/£60.00 Hb Published (September 2011)


Hb
 

The Holocaust was not a major issue in the thirteen Nuremberg trials conducted in Germany between 1945-1949 by the International Military Tribunal. Can the word “justice” be used to refer to trials that did not fully recognize the centrality of the Holocaust? What was the background of the postwar war crimes trials, and what was their impact on society and collective memory? How did they shape international law?

This book brings together observations on these and other issues from a broad range of international scholars on the representation of the Holocaust in the postwar trials and its historiography.

David Bankier was the incumbent of the John Najmann Chair of Holocaust Studies and Head of the International Institute for Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem.

Dan Michman is Professor of Modern Jewish History and incumbent of the Arnold and Leona Finkler Chair at the Institute of Holocaust Research at Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan.


LC: KZ1174.5 .H65 2009

BL: YD.2011.a.3516

BISAC: HIS043000 HISTORY/Holocaust; SOC049000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Jewish Studies; HIS027100 HISTORY/Military/World War II

BIC: HBTZ1 The Holocaust; JFSR1 Jewish studies



Contents

Introduction

Part I: The Nuremberg Trials and Their Long-Range Impact

Chapter 1. The Didactic Trial: Filtering History and Memory into the Courtroom
Lawrence Douglas

Chapter 2. Prosecuting the Past in the Postwar Decade: Political Strategy and National Myth-Making
Donald Bloxham

Chapter 3. The Holocaust, Nuremberg and the Birth of Modern International Law
Michael J. Bazyler

Chapter 4. The Role of the Genocide of European Jewry in the Preparations for the Nuremberg Trials
Arieh J. Kochavi

Chapter 5. Dr. Jacob Robinson, the Institute of Jewish Affairs and the Elusive Jewish Voice in Nuremberg
Boaz Cohen

Chapter 6. The Judicial Construction of the Genocide of the Jews at Nuremberg: Witnesses on Stand and on Screen
Christian Delage

Part II: The Ambivalence of Doing Justice in the German Federal Republic

Chapter 7. Prosecutors and Historians: Holocaust Investigations and Historiography in the Federal Republic 1955-1975
Dieter Pohl

Chapter 8. Coverage of the Bergen-Belsen Trial and the Auschwitz Trial in the NWDR/NDR: The Reports of Axel Eggebrecht
Inge Marszolek

Chapter 9. Hitler’s Unwilling Executioners? The Representation of the Holocaust through the Bielefeld Bialystok Trial of 1965-1967
Katrin Stoll

Chapter 10. Between Demonization and Normalization: Continuity and Change in German Perceptions of the Holocaust as Treated in Post-War Trials
Annette Weinke

Part III: Trials and Tribulations in European Countries

Chapter 11. The Belgian Trials (1945-1951)
Nico Wouters

Chapter 12. The Case of the French Railways and the Deportation of Jews in 1944
Michael R. Marrus

Chapter 13. Crime and Comprehension, Punishment and Legal Attitudes: German and Local Perpetrators of the Holocaust in Domachevo, Belarus, in the Records of Soviet, Polish, German, and British War Crimes Investigations
Martin Dean

Chapter 14. Amon Goeth’s Trial in Cracow: Its Impact on Holocaust Awareness in Poland
Edyta Gawron

Chapter 15. From Kappler to Priebke: Holocaust Trials and the Seasons of Memory in Italy
Paolo Pezzino and Guri Schwarz

List of Contributors
Index of Names and Places

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